Dental occlusion refers to the way your teeth fit together when your jaws are closed. It is the relationship between the upper and lower teeth when they come into contact with each other during biting, chewing, and other functional activities. The study of dental occlusion is an important aspect of dentistry, as it can affect the overall health of your teeth, jaw, and facial muscles.
Dental occlusion can be affected by various factors such as tooth alignment, jaw size and shape, and the way teeth wear over time. Malocclusion, or a misalignment of the teeth and jaws, can cause problems such as difficulty chewing, jaw pain, and even headaches. Therefore, dentists often evaluate a patient’s occlusion during routine dental exams to ensure proper alignment and function of the teeth and jaws.
This can cause your temporomandibular joints (TMJs) to become strained when you move your jaw, leading to teeth-grinding (bruxism), TMJ disorder, and misalignment of your teeth.
The TMJs are located on either side of your face, near your ears, and they normally allow your jaw to open, close, and move comfortably.
When occlusion is present, your jaw will overcompensate as it tries to meet your upper and lower teeth squarely, resulting in an excessive amount of pressure on your teeth, jaw muscles, and TMJs.
As our dentists check your mouth during your preventative examination, we may detect symptoms of discomfort linked to bite abnormalities (referred to as malocclusion).
We can assess if bite equilibration can assist to improve your occlusal relationship using cutting-edge diagnostic models and digital imaging technology.
Bite (or occlusal) equilibration is slightly modifying one or more teeth’s chewing surfaces if they are possibly interfering with the equilibrium of your bite.
Often times, little changes to a few specific biting surfaces will allow all of your upper and lower teeth to line up evenly once more.
By restoring appropriate balance to your bite, you can stop the emergence of a number of potentially catastrophic problems, such as: